Facts~Tips~And~Trivia (And A Few Bad Jokes)                                                                                   
If you have any cool facts, tips, tricks, trivia or jokes (clean) about our equine friends please e-mail them to douggittins@yahoo.com and I may use them, please include your name and where you are from.
-Thank You,
  • Blacksmiths or Horseshoers are called Farriers.
  • The word Farrier comes from the Latin word ferrum which means iron worker.
  • A farrier is an artist and a scientist, a specialist in equine hoof care, including the trimming and balancing of horses' hooves and the placing of shoes on their hooves. A farrier combines some blacksmith's skills (fabricating, adapting, and adjusting metal shoes) with some veterinarian's skills (knowledge of the anatomy and physiology of the lower limb) to care for horses' feet.
  • Some farrier do cold shoeing, conforming the hoof to the shoe; and some do hot shoeing, custom molding the shoe to the trimmed hoof.
  • Horseshoe nails are driven into the lower part of the hoof that has no feeling, just like your finger nails.
  • It is correct to say my horse is shod not my horse is shoed.

Horse have three eyelids - the third is a nictitating membrane that originates from the inside corner of the eye and closes horizontally to protect the eye while grazing.

Paint vs. Pintos
Not all paints are pintos, and not all pintos are paints. (well almost). Paint Horse is a breed (APHA), pinto is a color pattern that can occur in many different breeds such as Saddlebreds, Half-Arabians, Miniature Horses and non-pure bred. Paints are horses of Quarter Horse and Thoroughbred lineage that are pinto in color (prefeably). The American Paint Horse is a breed based on color and lineage (although there are solid color Paints called crop outs).
Pinto can be registered as a color breed, regardless of lineage.

There are two, that are the most common, pinto/paint color patterns:
1) The tobiano appears to be white with large spots of color.

2) The overo appears to be a colored horse with jagged white markings. Many overo are bald-faced (all white faces), but not all.

The Horse
Where in the wild world can man
   find nobility without pride.

Friendship without envy,

Or beauty without vanity?

Here, where grace is served
  with muscle

And Strength by gentleness confined

He serves without servility;
    he has fought without enmity.

There is nothing so powerful,
  nothing less violent.

There is nothing so quick, nothing
  more patient.

    - Ronald Duncan

"When you're young and fall off a horse, you may break something. When you're my age, you splatter."
                                                          - Roy Rodgers
Wonder Dust and Preparation-H mixed together makes a wonderful ointment for cuts especially in moist areas ie. the mouth, anus, vulva or sheath, but works anywhere.

The Horse Is Mentioned  31 Times In The Bible!!!!!!
Now if we put bits into the mouths of horses so that they obey us, we guide their whole bodies as well.
                                        The Bible James 3:3     
The Four Horsemen Of The Apocalypse
-Chapter 6 of the book of Revelation The Holy Bilble
A White Horse bears a conquering horseman, who carries a bow and wears a crown, which some believe symbolizes victory.

A Red Horse carries a warrior holding a sword; the color of the horse is often interpreted as blood shed in battle.

A Black Horse bears a horseman carrying a scale for measurement, which some believe symbolizes famine, desolation, and economic corruption.

A Pale Horse carriers a rider named Death; some interpret the horse's color as the paleness of death and decay.

Standing Snoozers

By nature, horses are prey animals, although horses may lie down to sleep, doing so makes them vulnerable to predators.

A locking mechanism, called the stay apparatus, allows muscles to rest while tendons and ligaments lock for a standing state of sleep. One hindleg can remain unlocked, but not a foreleg.
How To Tie A Quick Release Knot

  • Begin by taking the tail of the lead rope around or through a suitable object to tie a horse to. In our example on the right we're going to tie to a pipe fence post.

  • Take the tail of the rope (from the left side of the post) and cross it underneath the part of the rope going to the horse.

       Then, twist the rope on the left side of the post to form a loop.

  • Next, take the tail of the rope (which is now on the right side of the post) over the part of the rope going to the horse, and push it up through the loop. See the illustration at left.

  • Pull the quick release knot tight by pulling the part of the rope indicated by the arrow.  For quick release Do NOT let the tail of the lead rope come through the loop. How ever if you don't want the horse to be able to pull it out Do put the tail of the rope through the loop.

  • After the quick release knot is pulled tight you can slide it upward so it is closer to the fence post. The finished result should look something like the photo to the right.
To Untie A Quick Release Knot

         To untie the quick release knot, pull on the tail of the lead           rope. If it has been tied correctly it will come untied with one quick pull.

        Any knot, however, can be difficult to untie if it has been              pulled too tight under extreme pressure. That's why it's a              good idea to keep a pocket knife or other suitable tool handy to cut a lead rope if necessary.
How do you catch a loose horse?
   Make a noise like a carrot!
              -British Cavalry Joke
Computers are like horses - press the right button and they'll take you anywhere.

Kassidy and "Buddy"
Best Friends Forever!!!!!!

I would travel only by horse, if I had the choice.
                                                ~Linda McCartney


Only tie your horse to objects that it cannot move or pull over. Remember, a horse is very powerful and a spooked or frightened horse is even more powerful. Do not tie a horse to anything that a determined or spooked horse can move.

Tie a horse to something it cannot break. For example, if tying a horse to a fence never tie it to the fence rail, always tie it to the fence post. Fence rails are broken far more easily than fence posts. By the way, not all fence posts are sturdy enough to tie your horse to. Never tie your horse to a post or anything else that isn't able to withstand several strong pulls from a frightened horse.
Tie your horse with a quick release knot.

   Tie your horse at a safe height. A good rule of thumb is to tie a horse so that the rope is tied at about the same height as the horse's back. You can safely tie a horse higher than this, just be sure to allow the horse enough slack that it can hang its head at a natural level. However, if you tie a horse lower than this you are asking for serious trouble. Tying a horse too low will allow a horse to get a leg over the rope, or its head stuck underneath the rope.
   Tie a horse long enough that it can be comfortable, but not so long that the rope droops down and the horse can step over it.
       Tying a horse excessively long is very dangerous. Not only can they get a leg over the rope, if the rope is long enough they can run a few steps if they spook and jerk themselves down. Sadly, we have seen this happen.

   Do not tie with the bridle or the bridle reins. Instead, use a good quality, properly fitting halter and a lead rope.
   Tie your horse to something that will not poke or hurt its face and eyes if it should jump forward.
   Strange horses should always be tied with enough distance between each other that they cannot bite or kick one another. Horses that know each other and that do not fight can be tied a little closer together, but should always be tied so that they cannot bite each other or the tack the other horse is wearing.
   If you cannot tie your horse to something appropriately sturdy, tie it up to something that is intentionally designed to break. For example, you can tie a piece of string or twine around a lightweight fence post then tie the horse to the string or twine. This way, if the horse breaks free at least you got to decide what it was that was broken (the string or twine instead of the post).
   Use the right lead rope. Round ropes that don't easily "pull down" under extreme pressure are best. If a rope pulls down under pressure it puts the knot into a bind so that it becomes difficult or impossible to untie. Round cotton lead ropes 3/4 of an inch in diameter or larger are considered by many horse people to be the best ropes for tying a horse because this type of lead rope isn't as easily pulled into a bind as other types. In addition, cotton is slower to rope burn a horse than many other materials. Other types of lead ropes are good, too, as long they don't pull too tight under pressure.
       Flat lead ropes of any material make a very poor rope to tie a horse with as they easily pull down too tight for the knot to be quickly released.

To determine how tall a horse is measure the horse, in inches, from the ground in a straight line up to the highest point of the withers. This is illustrated in the photo by the black line.

For the most accurate measurement the horse should be on firm, level ground with its front feet even, or close to even.

After you have measured your horse you will need to convert the results from inches to "hands." Horse height is correctly referred to by a unit of measurement known as a "hand." One hand is equal to four inches.

The correct way of writing "14 and one-half hands" is to write "14.2". It
is not correct to write it as "14.5". When correctly written, the number before the period is the number of hands, and the number after the period is the remaining number of inches. The number after the period should NOT stand for a fraction. Horseman usually say a measurement like this one out loud as "fourteen two" or "fourteen and a half."

15.4 - Wrong! This means that a horse is 15 hands, 4 inches tall. Since a hand is equal to four inches, this horse is actually 16 hands tall.
15.5 - Wrong again! Some people incorrectly use the number after the period to stand for fractions of a hand, but it should stand for inches. So, some people write "15.5" to mean 15 and a half hands, but this should correctly be written as "15.2".

If you like, you can add "hh" to a measurement, as in "15.1hh". The "hh" stands for "hands high."
How To Measure A Horse
If you can lead a horse to water and force it to drink, it isn't a horse.
Bible Quote
The horse is made ready for the day of battle, but the victory belongs to the Lord.
       Proverbs 21:31 
The Great Bonanza

Retired television star Buck, the famous Buckskin ridden by Lorne Greene in the Bonanza TV. series, was reportedly purchased by the actor when the show was canceled 1972. Greene graciously donated the horse to the Fran Joswick Therapeutic Riding Center in California. There Buck lived along life, dying at the incredible age of 45, having spent many years of his life as a mount for children with disabilities.
Trigger's original name was Golden Cloud. He was born on a ranch in San Diego, California in either 1932 or 1934. Roy Rogers changed Golden Cloud's name to Trigger in 1938 for their first movie together, "Under Western Stars."
When Trigger died in 1965 his hide was mounted over a plaster cast of a rearing horse. The mounting was done by Bischoff's Taxidermy, originally located in Los Angeles, California, but currently located in Burbank, California.
Trigger's first movie role was with Olivia de Havilland for her role as Maid Marian in the 1938 movie "The Adventures of Robin Hood." Miss de Havilland may be best know for playing Melanie in "Gone With The Wind" (1939). She also won two Oscars, one for Best Actress in "The Heiress" (1949) and one for Best Actress in "To Each His Own" (1946).
Roy Rogers purchased Trigger from Hudkins Stables of Hollywood, California for the amount of $2,500, paying for the horse on payments, Rogers said, "just like you would a bedroom set." When writing this article we were able to find photocopies of invoices for Roy's purchase of Trigger showing the first payment of $500 made in September of 1943 and a second payment of $2,000 made in December of 1943. However, the Roy Rogers, Dale Evans autobiography "Happy Trails, Our Life Story" implies the purchase was probably made in 1938 or 1939 with the payment amounts being smaller. In 1943 $2,500 was roughly equivalent to $30,000 today. While Trigger was not registered with any horse breed association, he was registered with the Palomino Horse Association, an association that registers horses according to their color as opposed to their breeding. Roy Rogers was careful not to overwork his equine partner, so, along with the original Trigger, there was also Little Trigger (not registered with any breed association) and Trigger Jr. (a registered Tennessee Walking Horse with the registered name of Allen's Gold Zephyr). Neither Little Trigger or Trigger Jr. were related to the original Trigger. The original Trigger remained a stallion his entire life, but never sired any offspring.
The Roy Rogers-Dale Evans museum was moved from Victorville, California to Branson, Missouri in 2003. Trigger, Trigger Jr., Dale's buckskin horse Buttermilk, and Bullet the Wonder Dog (a German Shepherd who was also a family pet) were all mounted after their deaths and could be seen on display there. The museum closed on December 12, 2009. Trigger passed away peacefully in 1965. Assuming he was born in 1932, he would have been 33 years old at the time of his death. Upon hearing of Trigger's death the Smithsonian Institute in Washington, D.C. asked Roy for Trigger's body for their collection of historical Americana. Roy declined, not wanting Trigger's final resting place to be so far away from himself out in California. Dale Evans, Roy's wife and co-star in many of his movies and in "The Roy Rogers Show" on television, wanted Trigger to have a nice funeral with a beautiful headstone. Roy wasn't comfortable with that idea either, not liking the thought of putting his friend and partner of so many years into the ground. Roy knew he wanted to preserve Trigger not only for himself but for all the fans that loved him too, so he contacted Bischoff's Taxidermy, located at that time in Los Angeles, California. With great care Bischoff's mounted Trigger's hide over a plaster likeness of a horse in a rearing position, a famous pose recognizable to Roy Rogers and Trigger fans everywhere. The mounted Trigger was first put on display at the Roy Rogers-Dale Evans Museum when it originally opened in Apple Valley, California in 1967. The entire museum, including Trigger, was relocated to nearby Victorville, California in 1976. After Roy's death in 1998 and Dale's death in 2001 the museum was moved in 2003 to Branson, Missouri. Trigger, the museum's most popular attraction, again made the move. Dale's buckskin horse Buttermilk and Bullet the Wonder Dog (a German Shepherd who was also a family pet) were also mounted after their deaths and put on display at the museum, too. Sadly for fans of Roy Rogers and Dale Evans everywhere, the museum closed on December 12, 2009.

The orgiginal Trigger a.k.a. Golden Cloud
  (notice the white covers the nostrals)
The second "Trigger" Tennessee Walking Horse with the registered name of Allen's Gold Zephyr, but Roy called him Trigger Jr.
Yet A thrid Trigger Roy purchased another palomino for personal appearances, a horse he called Little Trigger. Little Trigger was not registered with any breed organization and was used extensively by Roy for personal appearances in the 1940s and the 1950s and also appeared in some of Roy's movies.
            (notice the lack of foretop)
Trigger Trivia
A Cowboys Prayer

May your horse never stumble,
Your spurs never rust,
Your guts never grumble,
And your cinch never bust.

May your boots never pinch,
Your crops never fail,
May you eat lots of beans,
And stay out of jail!!
Just plain cute!!!!!!
Want to end up with a million buck in the horse business? Start out with five million!
1. Reach under the horse's belly and grasp the cinch with your left hand. Make sure the cinch is lying flat against the horse's belly and isn't twisted.

The cinch should lie at your horse's heart girth, the narrowest part of the horse's rib cage. Learn how to determine the location of your horse's heart girth. The heart girth (also known as the girth line) is the narrowest part of the horse's rib cage. This is the correct location for the cinch.

On most horses, the heart girths falls about four inches behind the horse's elbow, but horses vary and some will have heart girths that lie forward or back of this approximation.

You can find the location of your horse's heart girth by standing back and looking at your horse from the side. Look for a slight upward curve or dip in the lower line of the stomach behind the elbow.
2. Insert the latigo through the cinch ring from the belly side of the horse out. Pull the latigo completely through until it is snug, but not tight, as shown in Photo 1. Make sure the latigo is lying flat and isn't twisted.
3. Run the latigo through the saddle dee ring, from the outside in. Pull the latigo completely through and to the left of the dee ring as shown in Photo 2. Your latigo should be snug, but not tight. You will tighten the straps after your knot is tied.
4. Depending on the length of your latigo, you may have to take an additional wrap or two. If so, just repeat steps 2 and 3.
5. To tie the knot, cross the loose end of the latigo over the top of your latigo layers and insert it through the saddle dee from the horse side out. Then thread the latigo end down through the loop you made when you crossed over. You'll find it similar to tying a man's tie. Photos 3, 4, and 5 demonstrate tying the knot.
6. To tighten the cinch, hold onto the top loop of the latigo that has gone through the cinch ring (NOT the loose end) with one hand and gently pull up. If you've taken several wraps, you'll hold onto the innermost loop. With your other hand, take up the slack created in your knot loop and feed it through the saddle dee ring. Then pull your loose end tight as shown in Photo 6.
The Cheapest thing about buying a horse, is buying the horse!
A cinch should be tightened in stages rather than all at once. A good habit to get into is to tighten in three stages. First, gently tighten it just enough to be snug. Move the horse around a bit (circle, back up, sideways) to let it settle. Then gently tighten again. Move the horse around a bit more and then gently tighten once more. The purpose of this approach is not to get the cinch as tight as possible, but rather to create a polite process that makes the horse a willing partner. Then tight, but comfortable for the horse.
Walk off the horse after you've finished tightening your cinch, to ensure your horse's comfort and prevent saddle sores.
Bible Quote

Their horses are swifter than leopards, more fierce than the evening wolves; their horsemen press proudly on. Their horsemen come from afar; they fly like an eagle swift to devour.

Habakkuk                 1:8
Is it the smell of their body as I hug their long neck, or the scent only a horse has that I can't forget? Is it the depth of their eyes as they contentedly rest? No, it's just being around them that I like the best.
                                         - Teresa Becker
A Man That Don't Love A Horse, There Is Something The Matter With Him.     -Will Rodgers
Remember: Anything With A Brain Can Make A Bad Decision!!!
Horses change lives. They give our young people confidence and self-esteem. They provide peace and tranquility to troubled souls, they give us hope!
                                                -Toni Robinson

Horse Vision

Horses have the largest, sweetest eyes. In fact, their eyes are the largest of any land mammals. When purchasing a horse people will often say look for a large, wide apart, kind eye. This article will give you hints on how to be safer around horses on the ground while handling them and while riding. To understand how a horse sees and perceives his environment can give a greater understanding of why horse's do what they do.

Outstanding peripheral vision gives the horse early warning of predators. However, it does come with some drawbacks. For example, horses have a blind spot directly in front of their noses. A horse will always see two images, and cannot merge the images together like a human.

There is a blind spot with monocular vision.

                                            How a horse sees.                                           Human sight (same view)

Some Hints About Your Horse's Vision

  •     Horses have amazing peripheral vision with two blind spots. One blind spot is directly in front of his nose extending around four feet in front of it. The second blind spot is behind the tail. That blind spot extends about ten feet long, beyond the horse's tail.

  •    The field of view for horses can reach up to 200 degrees.

  •    Because of the front blind spot, the abilities of jumping horses seem all the more incredible. The horse loses sight of the obstacle when it is a few feet away and has to rely totally on the rider to tell him when to jump. Your horse jumps blind.

  •    Horses have very good binocular vision with a tendency towards long vision.

  •    Horses do not focus their eyes the way we do. Have you ever seen a horse raising and lowering its head as it looks at an object? It does that to adjust the focal length, moving until the object comes into focus on its retina. The horse's field of vision does not overlap. The right eye sees what is happening on the right side. The left sees what is happening on the left side. The images do not match up. The field of vision is completely different right and left. The eyes see independently of each other. This is called monovision.

  •    Even when the horse has focused as best it can, its sight is only three-fifths that of a human. In other words, when looking at an object twenty feet away, the horse sees only as much detail as a person with twenty-twenty vision would if the object were thirty-five feet away. Simply, when you are riding down the trail and see a strange object ahead, you will recognize what you are seeing long before your horse does.

  •    A horse sees like a human does through bifocals. While a horse is grazing his head is down. Visually he must look up to focus on the horizon. If he needs to look at something closer, the horse will raise his head to view the object through the lower portion of the eye, where he can focus more clearly.

  •    When you see a horse shy at a sudden movement behind him or next to him, his peripheral vision has sighted the movement but has not yet had time to focus on it.

  •    Your horse's vision is better than yours at night. Horses have a reflective panel on the retina that helps to gather all available light at night. The equine retina has nine times as many rod receptors as cones. These receptors are responsible for vision in low light. This suggests good night vision.
  •    Horses do not see color as well as humans. Equine Research Organization research indicates that horses are visually deficient in seeing green and red. Recent research into the horse's ability to see color indicates that they can distinguish between yellow and red. A horse sees mostly in shades of gray. "Equine vision expert Dr Brian Timney, of the University of Western Ontario, explains: 'Horses have little difficulty in discriminating red or blue from grey but with green and yellow, the results are mixed.'" More scientific studies are being done on the horse's ability to see color. The total story is still out on how a horse sees color.

  •    Behavioral data as well as physical evidence show that horses possess at least two types of cones (cones are necessary for color vision) The presence of cones indicate that horses can see some color.

  •    Horses have the largest eyes of any land mammal. They also have large pupils. Their eyeballs are placed toward the side of the head, which gives them a wider field of vision.

  •    Horses can scan their entire surroundings with only slight head movement.

  •    The size of the pupil improves the ability of a horse to pick up movement.

  •    The large size acts like your camera's wide-angle lens which is further enhanced by the placement of the visual receptors in the retina. The total effect is better peripheral (side) vision. The horse can see movement well. Scientifically it is believed that a horse does not see as clearly as a human within 4 feet.

  •    The horse has a blind spot directly behind him. Approaching from behind may scare your horse. He may kick or try to bolt. Let him know that you are there by making a soft sound or speak his name.

  •    The horse uses only one eye (monocular vision) to observe the width of its visual field. When a horse sees an object with monocular vision, he will tend to turn toward the object to better hear and see.

  •    When your horse uses his binocular vision (using two eyes), he has better depth perception and a more concentrated field of vision.

  •    When a horse switches from one eye (monocular vision) to two eyes (binocular vision) a brief visual shift sometimes occurs. This can cause an unexplained "spooking" of the horse.
  •    Horses have excellent night vision. If riding at night, let him choose his way.

  •    Horses require approximately 15 minutes for their vision to adjust when moving between differently lighted environments.

  •    Sudden brightness takes an equal amount of adjustment.

  •   Horses can also perceive depth. "Apparently, horses have many of the same depth-detecting skills that we have," says Dr Timney. "They have true stereoscopic vision, despite having lateral eyes."


Horses and mules move their eyes independently, allowing them to see objects in two different directions at once. Their eyes protrude slightly from the sides of the head, allowing panoramic vision with a visual field that measures about 350 degrees. This visual field is predominantly monocular--or seen with one eye at a time. The monocular portion of the field measures about 285 degrees. Monocular vision is relatively flat and is used for detecting distant motion. Horses and mules also have a binocular visual field--an area of about 65 degrees that is seen with both eyes at once. In contrast, the human field of vision, which measures less than 180 degrees, is mostly binocular. Binocular vision is three dimensional and contributes to depth perception.

Because their eyes are on the sides of their heads, horses and mules have blind spots in their binocular vision (figure 1-10). They cannot see the tips of their own noses or anything directly beneath their heads, limiting the ability to see anything directly in front. They cannot see objects closer than 4 feet (1.2 meters) with binocular vision. They also don't automatically see something behind that is narrower than their body. Horses and mules can't see forward and sideways at the same time.

In order to focus their vision, horses and mules must move their heads, and they can do so with amazing speed. They can focus their vision more quickly than can humans. Usually when stock lift their heads, they are looking at something in the distance. They lower their heads to focus on low, close objects. This visual arrangement allows horses and mules to graze and watch for danger at the same time, but may affect their depth perception. Occasionally stock run into, fall over, or step on low-lying objects that they did not see or recognize as a hazard, such as posts, wires, holes, signs, rocks, and waterbars. Stepping into an animal's burrow can cause a horse or mule to trip, fall down, or break a leg. Common burrow dwellers include ground squirrels, badgers, and prairie dogs..."
  • A female horse crossed with a male donkey (a jack) = a mule

Left eye vision (monoclar)
Right eye vision (monoclar)

                         Blind Spot
                                   under nose
Binoclar Vision
Blind spot
Marginal sight
Marginal sight
Color vision

Horses are not color blind, but have two-color, or dichromatic vision. This means they see two of the basic three wavelengths of visible light, compared to the three-color (trichromic vision) of most humans. In other words, horses naturally see the blue and green colors of the spectrum and the color variations based upon them, but cannot distinguish red. Research indicates their color vision is somewhat like red-green color blindness in humans, in which certain colors, especially red and related colors, appear more green.

Dichromatic vision is the result of the animal having two types of cones in their eyes: a short-wavelength-sensitive cone (S) that is optimal at 428 nm (pastel bluish-gray), and a middle-to-long wavelength sensitive cone (M/L) which sees optimally at 539 nm, more of a yellowish color. This structure may be because horses are most active at dawn and dusk, a time when the rods of the eye are especially useful.

The horse's limited ability to see color is sometimes taken into consideration when designing obstacles for the horse to jump, since the animal will have a harder time distinguishing between the obstacle and the ground if the two are only a few shades off. Therefore, most people paint their jump rails a different color from the footing or the surrounding landscape so the horse may better judge the obstacle on the approach. Studies have shown horses are less likely to have a rail down when the jump is painted with two or more contrasting colors, rather than one single color. It is especially difficult for horses to distinguish between yellows and greens.

Many domestic horses (about a third) tend to have myopia (near-sightedness), with few being far-sighted. Wild horses, however, are usually far-sighted.
Human Spectrum
Equine Spetrum
Proper scientific name for horses: Equus Keepus Brokeus.
Highest Point Of the Withers
Equine Crosses

  • A male horse crossed with a female donkey (a jenny) = a hinny 

  • A horse crossed with a zebra = a zorse.
  • A burro is a wild donkey, and yes there are different breeds of donkeys just like horses.

Legend of the Donkey's Cross
" Bring me the colt of a donkey,"
was the Master's request.
A young donkey was brought to Jesus
to carry Him into Jerusalem.
A week later Jesus was ordered
to be crucified.
The little donkey so loved the Lord
that he wanted to help Him carry the cross.
But, alas, he was pushed away.
The sad little donkey waited to say
goodbye until nearly all had left.
As he turned to leave, the shadow of
the cross fell upon the
back and shoulders of
the little donkey.
And there it has remained,
a tribute to the loyalty
and love of the humblest of
Gods creatures.
                                         by Mary Singer

It is fact that the donkey did NOT bear the cross on it's back until after Jesus's death!!!!
  • A donkey crossed with a zebra = a zedonk or a zonkey.
A true horseman does not look at the horse with his eyes, he looks at his horse with his heart.

You will need:

1 Cup uncooked Oatmeal
1 Cup Flour
1 Cup Shredded Carrots
1 Teaspoon Salt
1 Tablespoon Sugar
2 Tablespoons corn oil
1/4 Cup Water
1/4 Cup Molasses

Mix ingredients in a bowl in the order listed. Make small balls and
place on a cookie sheet, spray them with Pam. Bake at 350 for 15 minutes or until golden brown.

Tip; Vary the ingredients with some of the horse's favorite treats, such as other grains, apples, peppermints, raisins, maple syrup.
Mr. Ed Trivia
he show was derived from a series of short stories by Walter R. Brooks, which began with The Talking Horse in the September 18, 1937, issue of Liberty. Brooks is otherwise known for the Freddy the Pig series of children's novels, which likewise feature talking animals who interact with humans. Lubin's secretary Sonia Chernus, is credited as developing the format for television, by introducing the Brooks stories to Lubin himself.

The concept of the show was similar to Francis the Talking Mule, with the equine normally talking only to one person (Wilbur), and thus both helping and frustrating its owner. The Francis movies were directed by Arthur Lubin, who performed the same duty on Mister Ed. The show had some regular writers such as William Davenport, Lou Derman, Larry Rhine and Ben Starr. The series was restricted in setting, but often quite amusing.

Making Ed "talk"

It is often said the crew was able to get Mister Ed to move his mouth by applying peanut butter to his gums in order for him to try to remove it by moving his lips. However, Alan Young said in 2004 that he had started the story himself. In another interview, Young said, "Al Simon and Arthur Lubin, the producers, suggested we keep the method a secret because they thought kids would be disappointed if they found out the technical details of how it was done, so I made up the peanut butter story, and everyone bought it. It was initially done by putting a piece of nylon thread in his mouth. But Ed actually learned to move his lips on cue when the trainer touched his hoof. In fact, he soon learned to do it when I stopped talking during a scene! Ed was very smart."

Others argued that examination of Mister Ed footage shows Ed's handler pulling strings to make him talk, and that this method was at work at least some of the time. Young later said during an interview for the Archive of American Television that a nylon string was tied to the halter and the loose end inserted under his lip to make Ed talk, saying that he had used the peanut butter fable for years in radio interviews instead of telling the truth. The loose thread can be seen tied to the halter, and it is clearly not taut as it would be if it were being pulled. Young also states in the AAT interview that after the first season, Ed did not need the nylon – Alan and trainer Les were out riding one day and Les started laughing, telling Alan to look at Ed, who was moving his lips every time they stopped talking, as if attempting to join in the conversation. This difference is visible when comparing first season episodes to later ones, as it is clear that early on he is working the irritating string out, sometimes working his tongue in the attempt too, and later on he tends to only move his upper lip, and appears to watch Alan Young closely, waiting for him to finish his lines before twitching his lip.

Young added in the Archive interview that Ed saw the trainer as the disciplinarian, or father figure, and when scolded for missing a cue, would go to Alan for comfort, like a mother figure, which Les said was a good thing.


There are conflicting stories involving of the death of Bamboo Harvester, the horse that played Mister Ed. By 1968, Bamboo Harvester was suffering from a variety of health problems. In 1970 he was euthanized with no publicity, and buried at Snodgrass Farm in Oklahoma. However, a different version was given by Alan Young. Young wrote that he'd frequently visit his former "co-star" in retirement. He states that Mr. Ed died from an inadvertent tranquilizer administered while he was "in retirement" in a stable on Sparks St in Burbank, California where he lived with his trainer Lester Hilton. Young says Hilton was out of town visiting relatives and a temporary care giver might have seen Ed rolling on the ground, struggling to get up. Young said Ed was a heavy horse and he was not always strong enough to get back on his feet without struggling. The theory is the care giver thought the horse was in distress and administered a tranquilizer and for unknown reason, the horse died within hours. The remains were cremated and scattered by Hilton in the Los Angeles area at a spot known only to him.

A different horse that died in Oklahoma in February 1979 was widely thought to be Bamboo Harvester, but this horse was in fact a horse that posed for the still pictures of "Mister Ed" used by the production company for the show's press kits. After Bamboo Harvester's death in 1970 from kidney disease, this horse was unofficially known as Mister Ed, which led to him being reported as such (including sardonic comments on Saturday Night Live's Weekend Update) following his own death.

Young said that when the Oklahoma horse death story came out in 1979, he knew it was not the real Mister Ed, but did not have the heart to "shatter their illusions" that the horse being memorialized was not the real Mister Ed. He believes it was the horse used for early publicity photos.
              Full Sock         Stocking
Horse Markings

Bible Quote
A whip for the horse, a bridle for the donkey, and a rod for the back of fools. Proverbs 26:3

Horses leave hoofprints on your heart.
                Pastern              Ankle          Half Sock
                Cornet         White Heel     Half Pastern
Horse Leg Markings
What vaccinations should I give my horse, and how often?

Encephalomyelitis = VEWT: The first disease every horse needs to be vaccinated for is encephalomyelitis. This disease is commonly called "sleeping sickness". Encephalomyelitis is a group of viruses that attack the brain. The most common types that affect horses in North America include WEE (Western Equine Encephalomyelitis) and EEE (Eastern Equine Encephalomyelitis). Encephalomyelitis is spread through mosquitoes who acquire the virus from birds and rodents. The first symptoms of WEE or EEE include: fever, depression and poor appetite. Eventually the horse may become completely paralyzed resulting in death. Venezuelan equine encephalitis or encephalomyelitis (VEE) is a mosquito-borne viral pathogen, after infection, equines may suddenly die or show progressive central nervous system disorders. VEE, a threat to humans as well as horses, was identified in the United States in 1971, and it is always given with Tetnus=VEWT .

West/East Nile Encephalitis: Like Eastern and Western encephalitis, West Nile virus is transmitted by mosquitoes. The West Nile virus vaccine is administered twice a year during spring (April to May) and fall (September to October), the height of the mosquito season. Infection with West Nile Virus does not always lead to signs of illness in people or animals. Horses appear to be a species that is susceptible to infection with the virus. In horses that do become clinically ill, the virus infects the central nervous system and may cause symptoms of encephalitis. Clinical signs of encephalitis in horses may include a general loss of appetite and depression, in addition to any combination of the following signs: fever, weakness of hind limbs, paralysis of hind limbs, impaired vision, ataxia (weakness), head pressing, aimless wandering, convulsions (seizures), inability to swallow, walking in circles, hyperexcitability.

Influenza/Flu: Influenza in a very contagious equine disease; it is spread through horses just as it is through humans, it can be transferred throughout horses very quickly. Sneezing and coughing can spew the virus into the air where another horse may inhale it. Once inside a horse's respiratory system, the virus leads to more coughing, sneezing, drainage from the nose, fever and poor appetite. This influenza is very contagious and needs to be vaccinated for, especially if you travel with your horse, or come in contact with other horses. While influenza is typically not life threatening for the horse, it can lead to permanent respiratory track damage if not addressed. Flu vaccines may be necessary up to even 3 months for a very active horse. Your veterinarian will consult you and inform you of how often you need to vaccinate for influenza.
Rhinopneumonitis: This viral disease can take several forms. It is an equine herpes virus (there are two types, labeled “1” and “4”) and causes mild respiratory infection, primarily in young horses. Infection is acquired from other infected horses. Like influenza, the immunity the horse develops from vaccination can last less than two months, and horses can become latent carriers (with the virus present in the body but not active) of the equine herpes 1 virus. This means the horse stays infected but does not show symptoms or infect other horses unless stressed. Once stressed, however, the horse may or may not show symptoms, but can be a source of infection for other horses. Equine herpes 1 can also cause abortion in pregnant mares. When horses are shipped and congregated together there is more stress on latent carriers. These horses may then become viremic (meaning the virus has become active in the body) and cause abortions in the herd. For this reason, most brood mare farms require that mares be vaccinated for Rhino at five, seven, and nine months of pregnancy. Even this procedure does not always prevent abortion, and yet some mares will not abort even if they become sick. FLU/RHINO Ginven together

Streptococcus Equi (Strangles): This is a contagious bacterial infection of the upper respiratory tract that occurs primarily in young horses. It is characterized by inflammation in the nasal passages and throat, a nasal discharge, and abscesses in the regional lymph nodes. It is rarely fatal, although complicated cases do occur. Strangles is usually contracted through contact with infected horses, and this bacteria can live in the environment and become concentrated where large numbers of horses congregate. This strain of strep bacteria can also be transmitted by contamination of inanimate objects such as water or feed buckets. Infected horses may shed this bacteria for several months, which can then infect other horses.

Rabies: Horses can get rabies and it is fatal. To contract rabies, the horse must be bitten by a rabid animal. Wild animals such as skunks, fox, raccoons or bats are the usual sources of infection. Vaccine manufacturers recommend annual vaccination for horses, although the same vaccine is known to provide protection to dogs and cats for at least three years. There have been cases of rabies in vaccinated horses.

Tetanus: The last disease to vaccinate your horse for is Tetanus. Tetanus is also commonly called lockjaw. The tetanus bacteria can live in dirt, rust, and many other air-deprived areas. Contraction happens when the horse comes in contact with the bacteria through a wound. The bacteria then enter the horse's bloodstream where it can cause stiff muscles, heightened sensitivity, flaring of the nostrils, and stiff legs. Eventually the muscles throughout the horse's body will become stiff and prevent the horse from eating and drinking. If infected, the horse will die from the muscles tightening throughout its body. Humans can also be infected, so vaccinations are equally important for the horse owner as is the horse. (Usually Given With The VEWT Vaccine)

You should always check with your Vet for what is the best for your horse in your area.

Fish pee in there you know.
My first school horse was Pluto Kerka, who reminded me immediately and unmistakably that the reins were for the horse to be guided and not for the rider to hold on to.
               -Alois Podhajsky
   ~My Horses, My Teachers
No one can teach riding so well as a horse.
                                   -C.S. Lewis
                                      ~The Horse and His Boy
This page will be a work in progress, please e-mail with any suggestions (pictures, poems, quotes or feedback)
Thank You For Looking. And God Bless
Email Laura at douggittins@yahoo.com - Or Call Doug 832-374-1164
I compare you, my love, to a mare among Pharaoh's chariots.
Song of Solomon 1:9

No Hoof, No Horse.
The Perfect Horse

The Perfect Horse isn't necessarily stunningly beautiful;
In fact, he's probably gotten a few scars and dings from life.
He's probably been hurt but lived through it, been scared but
overcome it, and ready to teach his rider to do the same.

The Perfect Horse is not just arena-ridden. He will let you feel what it's like to gallop into the ocean waves, chase a neighbor's cows, or play tag on horseback.

The Perfect Horse will buck you off when you deserve it, but wait patiently for you to get back on.

The Perfect Horse has problems; He will teach you to deal with
them. The Perfect Horse knows that you can't learn to be a skilled horseman if everything goes your way.

The Perfect Horse will challenge you, but only as much as you are ready to handle. He will teach you that you still have more
to learn.

The Perfect Horse is tough; He will gallop when he's too tired,
jump obstacles that are too high, and go up hills that are too
steep. He can handle the results of your ignorance or youth.
He will make you, years later, look back and shake your head
in amazement, and think, "I can't believe he did that for

The Perfect Horse is not, however, a superhorse. He may go lame or colic, or suffer from an abscess. He will teach you there is more to horsemanship that just riding.

The Perfect Horse will forgive you when you make mistakes, and expects you to do the same. He will try to ignore the tack that doesn't fit right, the confusing signals, and will do his best
to please.

The Perfect Horse will not live on air. He will need food and water daily and a clean shelter to live in. He will teach you to work, but it will be worth it.

The Perfect Horse may not be the prettiest or the fastest, but
he has the most heart. When he wins a ribbon,
you know he really deserved it.

The Perfect Horse loves a good carrot and a pat on the neck. In
fact, that is his greatest reward; A little treat, a little
love, and appreciation is what the Perfect Horse lives for.

Experienced riders are not prone to brag. And usually newcomers, if they start out being boastful, end up modest.

  • A unit of horsepower equals the power needed to lift 165 pounds (75 KG) to a height of 27 inches (68.5cm) in one second.
  • The average horse is actually capable of producing 10-13 units of horsepower.

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This page was last updated: August 11, 2018

Teeth and Age
Age can be roughly estimated by looking at the number, size and shape of the horses teeth. Another useful marker is the Galvayne's groove, which is a dark groove on the upper corner incisor teeth.

  • Galvayne's groove appears at around age 10 at the top and middle of the upper corner incisors.
  • By age 15, the groove proceeds halfway down the teeth.
  • By age 20, it completely goes down the teeth and starts to disappear from the top.
  • By age 25, the groove disappears from the top, and remains visible on the bottom half.
  • By age 30, the groove is usually gone.
A Galvayne's groove is a dark or brownish groove in the upper corner incisor teeth of horses.

  • Most female horses have 36 teeth, most males have 40-42 teeth.
  • All horses have 12 incisors (front teeth) that are good for cutting grass, and 24 molars (check or jaw teeth) that are good for chewing grass.
  • Some male have canine (fighting) teeth between the molars and the incisors.
  • Some male and female have little, sharp wolf teeth in front of their molars. Wolf teeth may need to be removed so that a bit can fit in the horses mouth painlessly.
  • Horse naturally have a toothless area (bar) between the incisors and the molars, just at the right location and size to wear a bit (God's perfect design).
  • There are professional vets or horse dentists that float (file) sharp teeth as needed (usually once a year.
  • Foals are usually born toothless, with incisors appearing in approximately 8-10 days.
  • A horse's teeth grow about 1/8 inch (3mm) a year.
  • This is where the saying "long in the tooth came from.
7 years
30 years
10 years
15 years
25 years
20 years
Galvayne's groove
Horse Speculum
for Holding the Mouth Open
to Float Their Teeth
Life is too short to ride bad horses.
I also beleive that horses are the closest to God in the animal world.
~ Dominique Barbier
Horses make the landscape look beautiful.
                                             ~Alice Walker

How Much Water Does A Horse Need?

Provide 1 gallon of water per 100 pounds of body weight per day. (In Texas summers, provide 5 gal. per 100 lbs. per day)

World's Tallest Horse
The documented record holder for tallest living horse is a belgian draft gelding of Smokey Hollow Farm near Poynette, WI named Big Jake. He is the Guinness World Record-holder for world's tallest living horse at 20 hands, 2.75 inches or one quarter inch short of 6-foot-11.

World's Smallest Horse
The documented record for the smallest living horse is Thumbelina, a miniature sorrel brown mare who measures 4.1hh(17.5 in) to the withers. She lives on the Goose Creek Farm Inc, St Louis, MO
The average horse stands at about 15hh.

Can Horses Vomit?

No. Because a muscular  valve that leads to the stomach prevents food from going back into the esophagus, Making it almost impossible to vomit.


You can make a rough conversion of a horse's age to human years by using the fomula of mutiplying the known age by 2.2.
EXAMPLE: A 20year old
Horse x 2.2 = 44 years in human terms.

a horse
is like judging
a book

Silver (Lone Ranger) Trivia

One of the most popular horses of all the western heroes. During the run of the television series few people realize that 2 different white Stallions filled the role of the wonder horse, Silver. Clayton Moore, who portrayed the Lone Ranger in the majority of the television shows, indicated they were Morabs, part Morgan and part Arabian. Wranglers and owners of the Silvers though have stated Silver#1 had Tennessee Walking Horse in his breeding and Silver#2 was half Arabian and half Saddle Bred.

Silver#1 was personally picked by Clayton from the ranch stock at the Hugh Hooker horse ranch in the San Fernando Valley in 1949 for use on the show just prior to the series launch. Hugh Hooker was the father of stuntman Buddy Joe Hooker. The white stallion Clayton decided on was a very large mount that stood a strong 17+ hands tall and presented a very majestic image. This white horse, whose true name was "White Cloud", was said to be 12 years old at the time, well trained and gentle.

The actual ownership of Silver#1 is a little confusing but thanks to writer/author Ken Beck and his recent interviews with Bill Ward, it appears the Hooker horse ranch owned "White Cloud" initially but sold him to Bill Ward who was starting Studio Stables shortly after the series got rolling. Bill Ward was Clayton's stand in and stunt double as well as one of the shows wranglers early in the TV series (1949 through 1954). Silver#1 did not know many tricks but did have an impressive high rear and would stand still for anyone due to his gentle nature.

The second Silver(Silver#2) of the TV series was actually purchased personally in about 1949 by George W. Trendle (the owner of the Lone Ranger show at that time). Who Trendle bought Silver#2 from was also until recently a complete enigma. One source claims Trendle bought the horse from an unidentified horse breeder on the east coast. Ken Beck, though, has recently discovered a source indicating that Silver #2 was actually foaled on a farm in 1945 near Danville, Iowa and named "Tarzen's White Banner". At age four, the horse was sold to a gentleman named Charles Van Dyke of Peoria, Illinois who then sold the stallion to George W. Trendle in late 1949. Trendle immediately renamed the horse "Hi-Yo Silver" which he had registered. Trendle previously owned another white stallion purchased in 1940 (and an extravagant silver laden saddle) for the public appearances of the radio Lone Ranger during the peak radio era of the 1940's.

In 1952 Trendle's "Hi-Yo Silver" was shipped to California during the TV filming seasons to take over the role of Silver from Silver#1 while John Hart stepped into the TV role. Then during the non-filming season was based back in Michigan, to use for Lone Ranger public appearance tours and promotions. Silver#2 was trained by the well known trainer and handler, Glenn Randall, who also trained Roy Roger's horse, Trigger. Glenn also stabled the horse during the filming season. Silver#2 was the opposite of #1 in temperment being high strung as well as being a stallion and some had trouble riding him. He was well known on the set to 'react' and get skittish if he heard camera motors running.

When Clayton returned to the show the following year, they continued the use of Silver#2 almost exclusively bringing old number 1 back usually only for scenes requiring a gentle, more obedient horse . Silver#2 was not quite as large as #1 but still weighed in at an impressive 1250 pounds and was the horse Clayton always went on the road with for publicity tours. Silver#2 was the only Silver that Clayton Moore toured with. A third white horse was "rented" from the Spahn Ranch for the episodes featuring "Dan Reid", the Lone Ranger's nephew. Dan's horse, per the story line, was named "Victor" and sired by Silver.
Always forming a magnificent image together, some came to believe that Clayton owned Silver. Actually he never owned either of the two Silvers. Clayton did work out Silver #1 often on his own and on the trails around his residence while living in Tarzana and would go on tour with Silver#2 but the horse he actually owned was a buckskin named "Buck".

A few of the urban myths about Silver:

Some sources say Clayton's first Silver from the Hooker Ranch is the same white horse that Thomas Mitchell rode in "Gone With The Wind". The truth is: the white horse in Gone With The Wind was actually "Silver Chief" from the Hudkin Brothers Stables. Silver Chief had portrayed Silver in the 1938 and 1940 Republic Serials, "The Lone Ranger" and "The Lone Ranger Rides Again". Thus, it was a "Silver" but not Clayton's TV "Silver"
Another partially true myth is that Silver's real name was Traveler and he was disturbed by the sound of camera motors and would act up if he heard them. Truth is: There was a horse from Studio Stables that was a stand-in stunt and chase double for Silver, named "Traveler", used on the Lone Ranger show but it was Silver#2 that had the 'camera reactions. Traveler would always be riden by his owner Bill Ward in the Lone Ranger costume in scenes involving stunts, chases and jumps. Whenever a fleeing outlaw had to be knocked from his galloping horse by the Ranger leaping off Silver at full gallop, this almost always was Bill Ward leaping from Traveler. Traveler wouldn't let just anybody ride him and Clayton never rode Traveler in the run of the show.

Another circulating rumor is after the series ended Silver#1 became the white horse that the USC Trojan mascot rode at USC football games. Truth is: USC Trojan horse, "Traveler" was in fact Silver's stunt and chase double from the TV show after he was retired from film making.
The very first horse to portray Silver - July 1933

Since January 1933, radio station WXYZ had been broadcasting "The Lone Ranger" and the success and popularity of the radio show was overwhelming. The Detroit Department of Recreation was holding it's school field day in July of that year at Belle Isle in Detroit and it was announced that the Lone Ranger with his mighty steed, Silver would appear live and in person. Brace Beemer was the narrator for the radio show at that time and was going to portray The Ranger and a rented trained horse named "Hero" owned by Carl A. Romig was filling the role of Silver. Preparation was for an anticipated 20,000 fans but on the eventful day 70,000 showed up to get a glimpse of their masked hero and Silver. Police on the scene even enlisted the help of the "Lone Ranger" himself to to try and maintain some crowd control and order.
Where did Silver go?

Silver#1 was pretty much retired after a brief stand-in appearance for Silver#2 in the 1956 movie 'The Lone Ranger' with Clayton Moore. He was sold to the Ace Hudkin's stables and being fairly old, was only used for close ups and head shots. Bobby Herron, stuntman and stepson of Ace Hudkin tells Ken Beck in Ken's book that "He (Silver#1) loved to get you against the wall and lean on you--not hurt you but lean on you so you couldn't get out. The horse had a sense of humor."

Wayne Burson, a horse wrangler/stuntman that appeared in several westerns in the 40's and 50's and Silver#2's wrangler at the time, began boarding Silver#2 and Scout in 1956. Silver#2 was retired in 1962 to live out his life with Wayne and his wife Louise on their ranch. Silver #2 died of old age in 1974 at the age of 29. Brace Beemer's "Silver's Pride" lived to be 29 also, passing in 1966 in Michigan on the Beemer's farm.

On a final note of interest, in a 1976 People magazine interview, Jay Silverheels who played Tonto, was good naturedly remarking on his special skills with fast horses. He recalled in the interview that Silver actually was somewhat of a slow running horse "and as the two companions galloped off into the sunset at the end of many a show, Scout had to be reined in lest he leave the masked rider in that traditional cloud of dust."

Horses run and run
In the pasture
Manes flowing
Tail trailing behind them
Sweat glistening their coats

Stallions gallop around,
Keeping track of their mares
Foals bucking and playing
Mares graze softly
In the pasture

And when their time ends
They will go
In the pasture
In the sky

As many know
Horses will gallop
Into our hearts

Teaching your horse to bow will help to strengthen his back muscles!!!!!!

that I
go to
in which
there are
no horses.
~ R.B. Cumminghame-Graham

Stiff Upper Lip

Equines have a sensitive, prehensile upper lip. Prehensile means it is adapted for feeling, grasping, and seizing objects such as grass.

Working with horses is best done without time limits. Once you start something, you should plan to finish it. If you can't finish it atleast end on a positive note.
Horse Categories

Horse breeds fall into 3 categories: coldbloods, hotbloods, and warmbloods.

Usually refers to the larger draft horses that were originally bred for farm work and as working horses. These horses also needed to be calm an obedient; the last thing you wanted was a horse running off with a cart or farm equipment.
  Some examples of draft horses are the Clydesdale, Shire, and Belgian. These horses are known to be docile and insensitive, and are often called gentle giants.

Usually refers to Arabians, Thoroughbreds and other horse of  In the middle-east and some of the other warmer climates. These horses are known to be energetic, sensitive, or hot. Such horses are built for speed and distance, rather than power and endurance, so had much lighter bodies and in particular more delicate legs. Their temperament is spirited and competitive, traits that help them win races.

Originally a cross between a hotblood and a coldblood, resulting in a trainable, athletic horse, often used as a sport horse for dressage, jumping, eventing, roping and so on. These breeds fall between hot and cold bloods in terms of both build and temperament.  Some warmblood breeds are: the Quarter horse, Dutch warmblood,  Friesian and Hanoverian.

These three terms (cold, hot, warm) of course refer to their climate of origin and their temperament, not to the temperature of their blood. All horses have approximately the same body and blood temperatures (about 38°C or 100.5°F) and as mammals they are all 'warm blooded' from a biological classification perspect. For more information on horse tpyes and breeds I recomend the book "THE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF HORSES & PONIES" by Tamsin Pickeral

Riding is a partnership. The horse lends you his strength, speed and grace, which are greater than yours. For your part you give him your guidance, intelligence and understanding, which are greater than his. Together you can achieve a richness that alone neither can.
~ Author Unknown

No one ever notices
how you ride
until you fall off.
~ Murphy's Horse Law
Work on your horse by working on your self.
                                             ~ Tom Dorrance
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